The System of Equations
The information given in the problem can be written as four
linear
equations in four unknowns:
N is the three digit number "xyz"
> E1 := 100*x + 10*y + z = N:
N equals 15 times the sum of its digits
> E2 := 15*(x + y + z) = N:
Reversing the digits increases N by 396
> E3 := x + 10*y + 100*z = N + 396:
One's digits is one larger than the sum of the other two
> E4 := z = x + y + 1:
> solve({E1, E2, E3, E4}, {x,y,z,N}); {y = 3, z = 5, N = 135, x = 1}