In Lecture 1 we learned how to evaluate a line integral, and did a short, fairly simple example. In this lecture we discuss an application of the line integral - computing the work done to move an object through a Force field.
For example - The Flow Field for a Fluid, which gives the velocity of the fluid at every point in a given space.
Another Example would be the heat flow vector:
In General, a Vector Field F, will be defined by
Given a path and a force field:
F = Vector Force Field Acting on Particle
T = Unit Tangent Vector
n = Unit Normal Vector
The work increment in moving a differential length ds along the path is
dW = F (dot) T ds
= Force dotted with direction, times distance.
The total work done by force on a particle as it moves along a path C is:
This is a line integral, with f(x,y,z) = F (dot) T
So, we just define C: r(t) = x(t)i + y(t)j + z(t)k a<=t<=b
ds = ||v(t)|| dt
T = v(t)/||v(t)||
v(t) = dr/dt
Note that work here was different depending on the path chosen for the particle.