:4a. Solution. 15 of the families have incomes between 0 and 20,000 dollars a year. 75 have incomes between 20,000 and 50,000 dollars a year. If we assume that the incomes of these 75 families are distributed evenly over the class interval, it follows that about a third, or 25, of them have incomes in that third of the interval from 20,000 dollars to 50,000 dollars a year. This results in an estimate of 15 + 25 = 40 families.